Korean J Ophthalmol > Volume 19(2); 2005 > Article
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 2005;19(2):116-121.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2005.19.2.116    Published online June 30, 2005.
Protective Effect of Heat Shock Proteins 70.1 and 70.3 on Retinal Photic Injury after Systemic Hyperthermia.
Jin Hyoung Kim, Jeong Hun Kim, Young Suk Yu, Seon Mi Jeong, Kyu Won Kim
1Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Seoul Artificial Eye Center and Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. ysyu@snu.ac.kr
3Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
This study aimed to determine the relationship between the heat shock protein 70 from hsps70.1 and 70.3 on retinal photic injury after systemic hyperthermia. METHODS: Eight-week-old female C57BL/6 mice were kept at a constant temperature of 41~42 degrees C for 25~30 minutes. After dark-adaptation for 8 hours, intense light of 11000 lux was maintained for 6 hours. Histology and immunohistochemistry for the inducible heat shock protein 70 (hsp70), the constitutive heat shock protein 70 (hsc70), and western blot analysis, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for hsp70.1 and hsp70.3 were performed just before photic injury and after 1, 4, 7, and 14 days. RESULTS: Light-induced retinal degeneration was prevented by thermotolerance. After hyperthermia, hsp70 was densely expressed in the inner segment of the photoreceptor layer on the photic injury. Hsp70 expression increased for 4 days after photic injury and slowly decreased thereafter. mRNA from hsp70.3 was induced earlier than that of hsp70.1. CONCLUSIONS: Retinal photic injury was prevented by hyperthermia-induced hsp70. Hsp70 from hsp70.3 may be a rapid and short-lived responder, and that from hsp70.1 is a slower and more sustained responder. Hsp70 from hsp70.3 may be an initial retinal chaperone while hsp70 from hsp70.1 may be a sustained chaperone.
Key Words: Hsp70.1;Hsp70.3;Hyperthermia;Retinal photic injury

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