Korean J Ophthalmol > Volume 3(1); 1989 > Article
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 1989;3(1):1-5.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/kjo.1989.3.1.1    Published online June 30, 1989.
The effect of cryotherapy on proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR).
Hum Chung, Jeong Min Hwang
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
Cryotherapy is implicated for inducing or aggravating proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) by releasing retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. These are based on the fact that PVR rarely occurs in a non-operated eye, and many of the PVR patients have received cryotherapy during surgery. Nonetheless, eyes with diathermy also developed PVR, and although there have been many experiments, the effect of cryotherapy on inducing PVR has not been proven experimentally in the living eye. We made retinal tears in living rabbit eyes, and applied cryotherapy on one eye of each rabbit. The result was compared histologically with the contralateral noncryothermized control eye. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups concerning the migration of RPE, and the proliferation of RPE. Although the formation of an epiretinal membrane was more obvious in the cryothermized group, the difference was not statistically significant.
Key Words: proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR);cryotherapy;retinal tear;retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell

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