Korean J Ophthalmol > Volume 4(2); 1990 > Article
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 1990;4(2):82-91.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/kjo.1990.4.2.82    Published online December 30, 1990.
Optic disc and early glaucomatous visual field loss.
Sung Min Hyung, Dong Myung Kim, Dong Ho Youn
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea.
In the early stages of glaucoma, the disc changes prior to visual field loss, so assessment of the optic disc is very important for the evaluation of the glaucoma patient. The aim of this study is to assess the glaucomatous disc and to look for the features of the optic disc that are commonly associated with early visual field loss. Forty-three eyes of 28 patients were included in this investigation. The criteria for inclusion were a cup/disc(C/D) ratio of more than 0.4 by direct ophthalmoscopy, no visual field defect with Goldmann perimetry, and open anterior chamber angle. Each optic disc was photographed with a Canon fundus camera with Polaroid 600 Plus film. Each photographic set was then examined stereoscopically for morphologic parameters: 1) comparison of vertical versus horizontal C/D ratio; 2) presence of nasal cupping; 3) presence of overpassing vessels; 4) presence of baring of circumlinear vessels; 5) presence of peripapillary atrophy; 6) ratio of the thinnest neuroretinal rim(NRR) width in the vertical sectors of the NRR width of the temporal sector. All subject's central visual fields were examined with an automated static perimeter, Humphrey program C30-2 with STATPAC. The C/D ratio estimated by direct ophthalmoscopy consistently showed a smaller C/D ratio than that found by the stereophotographic method. The parameter with the highest probability value to differentiate between the optic disc of the early visual field loss and the optic disc of normal subjects was "Ratio of the thinnest NRR width in the vertical sectors to the NRR width of the temporal sector < or = 85%". Although it has less resolving power than slide film, a stereo disc photograph with Polaroid film is a quick and simple method of recording changes, and the ratio of the thinnest NRR width in the vertical sectors to the temporal sector is a good predictive parameter for detection of early visual field loss.
Key Words: cup/disc ratio;early visual field loss;neuroretinal rim width;optic disc;stereophotography
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