Korean J Ophthalmol > Volume 9(1); 1995 > Article
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 1995;9(1):1-6.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/kjo.1995.9.1.1    Published online June 30, 1995.
The effect of subtenon injection of methylprednisolone acetate on the breakdown of blood retinal barrier after cryotherapy.
Jong Hoon Lee, Seong Joon Kim, Hum Chung
1Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Chungnam, Korea.
2Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
Using computerized vitreous fluorophotometry (VFP, Fluorotron(TM)), we examined the effect of cryotherapy on the blood retinal barrier (BRB) and the effect of subtenon injection of methylprednisolone acetate (Depomedrol(R)). In experiment 1, the right eyes of the 13 pigmented rabbits were treated with heavy cryotherapy after baseline VFP readings. The freezes were applied at 6 places in each quadrant around the equator are in two rows, a total of 24 places circumferentially. The left eyes were reserved as controls. In 6 rabbits (cryo with steroid group), Depomedrol(R) 10 mg of Depomedrol was injected into subtenon space after cryotherapy. The other 7 rabbits were treated with cryotherapy only (cryo only group). The VFP readings were taken 1, 3, 5, and 7 days, 2, 3, 5, and 7 weeks after cryotherapy. Cryotherapy increased the breakdown of BRB significantly. The peak VFP readings were obtained 5 days after cryotherapy in the cryo only group and 7 days after cryotherapy in the cryo with steroid group. In the cryo only group, the severity of the breakdown of BRB was higher than in the cryo with steroid group, and the increased VFP readings could not be normalized until 7 weeks after cryotherapy. In experiment 2, both eyes of the 8 pigmented rabbits were treated with medium cryotherapy after baseline VFP readings. The freezes were applied at 3 places in the superior temporal quadrant and at 3 places in the superior nasal quadrant, a total of 6 places. Depomedrol(R) 10 mg was injected into subtenon space after cryotherapy in the right eyes only. The VFP readings were taken 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 days after cryotherapy. In this experiment, cryotherapy did not increase the breakdown of BRB. But in the right eye, the severity of the breakdown of BRB was significantly lower than in the left eye 7 and 10 days after cryotherapy. These results suggest that Depomedrol(R) can decrease the severity of the breakdown of BRB after cryotherapy, and may be useful in the prevention of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR).
Key Words: vitreous fluorophotometry (VFP);cryotherapy;blood retinal barrier (BRB) methyIprednisolone acetate;proliferative vitreoretinopathy(PVR)
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