Korean J Ophthalmol > Volume 11(1); 1997 > Article
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 1997;11(1):60-64.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/kjo.1997.11.1.60    Published online June 30, 1997.
Preretinal neovascularization induced by experimental retinal vein occlusion in albino rats.
D I Ham, K Chang, H Chung
Department of Ophthalmology, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
Retinal ischemia and neovascularization have been demonstrated in several animal models. To determine 1) whether the retinal or preretinal neovascularization can be induced in albino rats by retinal vein occlusion and 2) the type and rate of occurrence on neovascularization, we occluded retinal veins in albino rats by photodynamic thrombosis. After anesthesia, each of 36 rats received an injection of rose bengal photosensitive dye, and their veins underwent argon green laser treatment. Half or all the major retinal veins were occluded in 12 eyes and in 24 eyes, respectively. Ten control rats underwent the same procedures but the laser beam was directed between major retinal vessels. In 46 control eyes, rose bengal dye was seen to have perfused without laser treatment. Retinal detachment developed in most vein occluded eyes within one day of venous occlusion, which was confirmed by fluorescein angiography. On follow-up at two weeks, only four of 24 eyes (16.7%) had undergone occlusion of all retinal veins showed new preretinal vessels on the optic disc. In these four eyes, severe disturbance of both retinal arterial and venous blood flow was observed, but no other eyes showed such severe combined disturbance. These data suggest that preretinal neovascularization in albino rats can be induced by this minimally traumatic method and that venous occlusion is severe enough to compromise arterial blood flow for a certain threshold period, thus inducing the development of preretinal neovascularization.


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