Korean J Ophthalmol > Volume 15(2); 2001 > Article
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 2001;15(2):87-93.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2001.15.2.87    Published online December 30, 2001.
Extraocular muscle changes after cryotherapy for retinopathy of prematurity and the development of strabismus in premature infants.
Young Suk Yu, Ki Chul Shin, Na Rae Kim, Eun Jung Lee, Sang In Khwarg, Hum Chung, Jaeheung Lee
Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.
To find out whether the cryotherapy for the treatment of the retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) causes structural changes of the extraocular muscle (EOM), and also whether the changes are related with the occurrence of strabismus. To examine the acute stage change, we conducted a transconjunctival cryotherapy around the superior rectus muscle of a rabbit and resected it 0, 3, 7, 14, and 28 days after the cryotherapy. In observing chronic changes, we first categorized patients who had an esotropia surgery into groups, one of which combined prematurity and cryotherapy and one group affected by prematurity but without having had cryotherapy. Then we compared the change of EOM with that of a fullterm infant group. In a rabbit, edema, acute inflammatory cells and a large amount of degenerated muscle fibers were observed immediately after the cryotherapy and on the 3rd day. On the 7th day, regenerated muscle fibers were observed and on the 14th day, the inflammatory cells decreased and the amount of regenerated muscle fiber increased. On the 28th day, abnormal findings were not observed any more and the muscle was found to be normal. When chronic changes of EOM in human on 1 1/2 to 8 1/2 years after cryotherapy, there were no abnormal findings observed in three groups. From the study, we can infer that cryotherapy can cause acute inflammation and necrosis of muscle fiber but such an acute change will improve and does not result in structural change in the long term. Therefore, the occurrence of strabismus in patients with ROP is considered to be attributable to reasons other than injury of EOM.

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