Korean J Ophthalmol > Volume 35(2); 2021 > Article
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 2021;35(2):159-167.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2020.0143    Published online April 5, 2021.
Repeatability of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Measurements in Patients with Retinal Vein Occlusion
Yong Min Lee, Min Woo Lee, Yong Yeon Song, Seung Kook Baek, Young Hoon Lee
Department of Ophthalmology, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
Correspondence:  Young Hoon Lee, Tel: 82-42-600-9258, Fax: 82-42-600-9176, 
Email: astrix001@kyuh.ac.kr
Received: 13 November 2020   • Revised: 1 February 2021   • Accepted: 22 February 2021
Abstract
Purpose
To analyze the repeatability of vessel density (VD) measurements and manual foveal avascular zone (FAZ) measurements using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in patients with retinal vein occlusion (RVO) without macular edema.

Methods
The study population consisted of patients with RVO and central macular thickness <300 μm. For each subject, measurements were performed twice with a 5-minute interval. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and coefficient of variation (CV) were calculated to analyze the repeatability of results obtained with the OCTA device. To identify factors related to repeatability, we performed Pearson correlation analyses based on the CV of potential factors.

Results
A total of 48 eyes were included in the study. The ICCs of the VDs in superficial capillary plexus (SCP) and the deep capillary plexus (DCP) were 0.748 and 0.665, respectively, and the CVs of the VDs in SCP and DCP were 9.1% and 12.6%, respectively. The ICCs associated with the FAZ of the superficial layer (SFAZ) and that of the deep layer (DFAZ) were 0.965 and 0.956, respectively, and the CV of the SFAZ and DFAZ were 8.8% and 9.7%, respectively. From Pearson correlation analyses, OCTA quality was significantly correlated with the CV of the VDs of SCP and DCP. However, there were no variables that were significantly correlated with the CV of SFAZ and DFAZ, including OCTA quality.

Conclusions
VD measurements in the SCP layer using OCTA exhibited good repeatability, and VD measurements in the DCP layer exhibited relatively low repeatability compared to that of SCP layer measurements in patients with RVO without macular edema after treatment with bevacizumab. Manual measurement of the FAZ area in both SCP and DCP layers resulted in good repeatability. In addition, the repeatability of VD measurements in SCP and DCP layers was correlated with OCTA image quality.
Key Words: Optical coherence tomography angiography, Repeatability, Retinal vein occlusion


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